LICHEN PLANUS: AN OVERVIEW
Lichen Planus (LP) is an autoimmune skin and mucous membrane disorder. It is a rare and chronic disease which can develop on any part of the body affecting one or several parts at the same time. Characterised by presence of shiny reddish-purple lesions on the skin accompanied with itching, inflammation and often painful sores it commonly is found on the skin and inside the mouth. Sometimes it can take place on the genitals, scalp, ears, nails, hairs, eyes and even on oesophagus also. As it resembles to the lichen found on the trees and rocks having flat-topped and scaly appearance it has got the name Lichen Planus. It is not a contagious disease so it cannot be spread by getting in physical contact or sharing utensils.
Being a rare disorder LP affects approximately 1.2 percent of population around the world. It usually occurs to people belonging to age group of between 30 to 60 years. However, it can happen to anyone being young or old.
The cause responsible for occurrence of Lichen Planus is unknown. However, according to researchers being an autoimmune disorder it happens when immune system mistakenly attacks cells of the skin or mucous membrane which is supposed to be caused by exposure to infections (Hepatitis C), drugs, stress, allergens (arsenic, gold, antibodies, certain medicines, leather and dyes) or injuries. Some diuretics medicines can also develop lichen planus, generally, these include medicines for the treatment of malaria, high blood pressure and heart disease.
Familial bullous, a rare type of lichen planus, is known to run in families.
The signs, symptoms and appearance of lichen planus depend upon the location they occur on the body.
Often known as cutaneous LP, lesions of reddish-purple or violet colour coexisted with shine, itching, pain and uneasiness can be found anywhere over the skin, generally on wrists, ankles, lower back, legs, palms and genitals.
If the bumps or lesions tend to appear on the same location again and again then the skin becomes painful, thick, scaly, patchy and rough. These patches are more likely to itch. Blisters occur rarely. If LP occurs on genitals it can make sexual intercourse painful or almost impossible.
When lesions occur inside mouth, it is known as oral LP. It can take place anywhere in mouth like inside cheeks, on the tongue, lips and gums. These patches show up as tiny white spots and lines in appearance alongwith redness, swelling and painful sores with burning sensation.
Affecting 10 to 25 percent of LP patients nail lichen planus can take place over the ridges and grooves of few or all the nails on hand or foot. It can cause cracks, splitting and thinning leading to temporary or permanent loss of nails.
LP developing on the scalp is more common in females. Characterised by irritating, tiny and red bumps these have ability to convert into scars later. If not controlled by regular medication Lichen planopilaris can result into permanent thinning and loss of hairs.
Ayurveda cures Lichen planus with tremendous approach. Sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, lack of exercise and weakened immune system results into misbalance and aggravation of three doshas vata, pitta and kapha. Herbal treatment from Sanjivani Ayurvedashram is highly beneficial to treat Lichen planus thoroughly.
Developed after research of several years ayurvedic medicine and treatment offered by us has a trusted brand name worldwide. Persistent and continuous use of this medication helps to alleviate itching, heal the wounds, reduce swelling and redness, clear the skin and remove toxins from the body.
With the combination of potent herbs such as giloe, neem, guduchi, vyaghri, haldi, kutki, ajwain, tejovati, chitrak, pippali, manjistha, vishani, guggulu, rohini, aloe vera etc this ayurvedic formulation cures lichen disease cells, balances tridoshas, reduces inflammation, purifies blood, treats infection and above all of them enhances the power of immune system. It strengthens immunity in order to fight back lichen planus efficiently, reduce the chances of recurrence and to make you healthier and fitter.
By practising following steps you can avoid lichen planus from getting worse and to reduce the possibilities of recurrence: