What is eczema?

Eczema, also referred as ‘Dermatitis” is a condition which can be described as inflamed patches of skin accompanied with redness, itching, cracks, roughness and sometimes combined with blisters also. It can happen at any age and has got a tendency to worsen by time if not treated immediately. Affecting approximately 10%-30% of infants and 3% of adults and children it is a very common skin disease found around the world. Young children having sensitive and smooth skin tend to experience irritation and itching on skin due to eczema more often. Extreme itching, scratching or rubbing caused by eczema results into itchy skin rashes. In most cases eczema occurs at elbows or behind the knees in kids and at hands in adults. Cold and dry air of winter season worsens the condition of this skin disease.

What are the most common causes of eczema?

Actual cause of eczema is yet unknown. It is believed by researchers that combination and mutation of genes, over-reactive immune system and various environmental factors can be responsible for the occurrence of eczema. Following are few known causes:

  • Irritants: Everyday products including soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, juices, meats or vegetables even can cause bit burn or itching to your skin. Some other irritants include certain fabrics, fragrances, antibacterial contents, leather dyes etc.
  • Stress: Emotional stress is known to trigger eczema. This is not a direct cause but can make symptoms worse and flare-up the skin.
  • Climate and sweating: When people experience prickly heat due to too much of hotness or sweating itchiness of eczema can intensify. Similarly, during cold winters skin becomes dry and cracked which introduces irritation and eczema. Too hot or too cold both the climates increase tendency of eczema to occur.
  • Infection: Bacteria, fungus and viruses present in the environment can infect your eczema. Therefore it is very necessary to know about these infections and their causes to keep eczema away from getting worse.
  • Allergens: Some of the common allergens are seasonal pollen, dust mites, pet dander from cats and dogs, mould and dandruff. Allergens can make eczema critical, if these are not treated for long time can worsen eczema and have ability to bring it back.
  • Hormones: Immune system stimulates glands to secrete hormones which if are produced in greater or lesser amount can flare-up the eczema.
  • Food: Citrus fruits, dairy or milk products, soya, gluten or wheat, eggs and sort of spices (cloves and cinnamon) are few examples of food products associated with food allergies which can cause or worsen eczema.

What are the symptoms of eczema?

The most common symptom is of having severe itching, red rash and bumps similar to mosquito bites over the skin area of face, hands or legs. However, the symptoms may vary according to the age of the person suffering from eczema.

Symptoms in infants under 2 years of age

Rashes commonly found on the scalp and over the cheeks.

Rashes accompanied with blisters consisting of fluid which may leak.

Rashes with intense itching which leads to continuous rubbing and scratching.

Symptoms in children aged above 2 years

Rashes having bumpy appearance commonly take place behind the elbows or knees, on the neck, wrists, ankles and in between buttock and legs.

Rashes can be of light or dark in colour.

Rashes turning up to be leathery and thicker due to lichenification.

Symptoms in adults

Rashes appear prominently on elbows, knees, face or on the neck.

Rashes can become permanently itchy.

Rashes in adults are more scaly and thicker than in children.

Rashes can lead to skin infections also.

What is the best ayurvedic treatment to cure eczema?

According to Ayurveda, eczema or vicharchika is caused due to imbalance of vata, pitta and kapha doshas which gets aggravated by poor diet, lifestyle and indigestion. Accumulation of internal toxins leads to dryness, itchiness, redness, blisters and breakthroughs on skin. Ayurvedic herbal treatment from Sanjivani Ayurvedashram has been developed to eradicate deep rooted toxins, purify blood and cure the underlying causes of eczema naturally.

Active ingredients of potent herbs in combination harmonises the imbalance of three doshas and corrects digestion. Herbs like Neem, Karanja seeds, Panchatikta ghritam, gotu kola, Calendula, aloe vera, lavender etc helps in skin regeneration, soothes skin, promotes wound healing, brings relief from inflammation, itching and rejuvenates skin. Prescribed use of this herbal medication offers relief from every type of eczema and helps you get back smooth, glowing and natural skin back.

Is eczema contagious?

Eczema is not contagious. It does not spread while being in physical contact with the sufferer. However, its infecting agents can be contagious. If it occurs due to inherited genes or environmental factors it can often be found in members of family.

Are there any practical things that you can do to prevent eczema?

In order to prevent eczema it is important to keep your skin well moisturized and hydrated with aid of good moisturizer and drinking enough amount of water and juices throughout the day to avoid irritation, dryness, cracks and redness to eventually keep eczema at bay. People must also stay away from bathing with too hot water as it washes off essential oil present in the skin. Use anti-allergen and anti-itching medication to prevent rash from getting worse.

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