Obesity is defined as an excessively high amount of body fat or adipose tissue in relation to lean body mass. It inhibits some of the body’s normal functions and can lead to various health problems even in teens and young adults.
Obesity has become a dangerous epidemic that can result in high risk of serious health complications including heart disease, stroke, hypertension (high blood pressure), high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, sleeping disorder, liver and gallbladder disease, certain cancers such as endometrial, breast, and colon cancer and many more health issues.
Excess weight can cause a build up of plaque in the arteries that can lead to coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, and stroke. It also can add extra weight on the joints causing pain and leading to diseases such as osteoarthritis.
What Causes Obesity?
Obesity is a complicated condition with many possible causes, including:
- Genetic: Each person is born with a certain genetic make-up that can lead to morbid obesity. This includes how your body accumulates fat, how many fat cells you have, and how big they are. Your family history and ethnicity can also affect your risk of developing the disease.
- Environmental: The lifestyle choices that an individual make plays an important role in the development of obesity. Physical inactivity, what and how much you eat, the amount of sleep you get, and easy access to unhealthy foods are just some of the many environmental factors that can contribute to developing obesity.
- Biochemical: There are hormones in our bodies that impact our body’s ability to manage stress and hormones, therefore impacting how we burn fat.
- Cultural: Our families, friends, and employment all impact our consumption of foods and beverages. Where you live and your income also influence your risk of developing obesity.
- Neurological and physiologic: Depression, trauma, low self esteem, poor stress management and mental health problems, are all associated with morbid obesity. It can sometimes lead to overeating, which may contribute to the development of obesity as well.
Complications of Obesity
If a person is obese, he may experience following health hazards:
- Heart disease and stroke
- High blood pressure
- Metabolic disorder
- Sleep disorders
- Blood abnormalities
- High level of cholesterol
- Breathing problem
- Sexual dysfunction & Infertility
Obesity: Prevention and Precautions
- Follow traditional system of medicine
- Make positive change in eating, living and thinking habits.
- Regular exercise combined with morning walk, yoga, balanced and controlled natural diet shows good result.
- Avoid fast and junk food.
- Follow your weight regularly.
- Stick with your diet pattern or chart.
- Avoid aerated drinks and excess water after meal.
- Intake of fat and carbohydrates should be restricted.
- Foods that are excessively rich in carbohydrates must be avoided.
- Avoiding sleeping in afternoons help to increase the burning of calories.
- Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption should be avoided.