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Arthritis

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a state of inflammation of joints in the body accompanied with stiffness and acute joint pain. It is most commonly found in people of age 60 years and above with higher percentage of women. However, generation of younger age are also getting the disorder due to sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy dietary habits. It is a chronic and slowly progressive disorder which may also lead to joint failure.

There are more than 100 different types of arthritis. It can occur on any one or more joints such as wrists, knees, shoulders, hips or fingers. Most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

What are the different types of Arthritis?

Arthritis is majorly distinguished into two types as follows:

Osteoarthritis

OA is the most common condition of arthritis found in elderly people, which occurs due to gradual loss of cartilage- a smooth and elastic rubber like structure which enacts as a cushion and covers the bones of the joints to absorb shock and pressure on the bones. Reduction of normal amount of cartilage brings stiffness, impaired movement, makes the joints to rub with each other on movement, may also alter the shape of the joints and dislocate the bones from their actual position.

The joints of spine, hands, knees and hips are commonly affected in this condition.

Rheumatoid

Nearly seven million people in India are suffering from RA, an autoimmune disorder and another prevailing form of arthritis in India. Joint cavity of bones is surrounded by a joint line membrane of synovium, responsible to produce fluid which makes movement of bones smoother by lubricating the joints. When the synovium gets thickened and inflamed it produces large amount of fluid which results into stiffness, swelling, pain and ultimately destroys and causes deformities to bones and cartilage.

RA generally afflicts people of 30-40 years and uncontrolled condition may also cause risk of heart attack. Joints of ankles, fingers, heels, elbow and wrists are commonly affected by RA.

Other types of arthritis are:

  • Ankylosing spondylitis – It majorly affects spine with inflammation, stiffness and pain as the bones of the spine fuse together causing loss of mobility.
  • Cervical spondylosis – Also known as neck arthritis this condition affects the joints and discs of the cervical spine in the neck. It is an age related disorder as with increasing age cervical break downs and loses its fluid resulting into dehydration and shrinking of discs with inflammation and stiffness.
  • Fibromyalgia – It is characterized by pain in joints, ligaments and tendons with tiredness and sleep problems.
  • Lupus – When immune system becomes hyperactive and targets healthy tissues by mistake with inflammation and pain, condition of lupus arises.
  • Gout – Condition of gouty arthritis occurs due to deposition of uric acid and crystals in a joint accompanied with swelling, redness and acute pain.
  • Psoriatic arthritis –Patients suffering from psoriasis may get inflammatory joint pain known as psoriatic arthritis. The joint pain may occur even before the lesions start appearing.
  • Enteropathic arthritis –Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are responsible for the occurrence of this form of chronic arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  • Reactive arthritis – This condition arises due to bowel, genital or throat infections, accompanied with inflammation of eyes, urethra or eyes.
  • Secondary arthritis – It can be caused due to hormone disorder, diabetes, injury or surgery of joints.
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica – Another form of arthritis commonly occurs in shoulders and thighs along with stiffness and inflammation of joints

What are the causes of Arthritis?

  • Metabolic disorders
  • Hereditary factors
  • Injuries
  • Bacterial and viral infections
  • Misdirected immune system

What are the risk factors of Arthritis?

  • Increasing age
  • Being overweight can cause arthritis problem
  • Gender is another reason behind occurrence as most forms of arthritis are common in women however gout and ankylosing arthritis are common in men.
  • Repetitive surgeries of joints
  • Occupation of physical work
  • Environmental conditions
  • Smoking

What are the signs and symptoms of Arthritis?

  • Joint Pain
  • Inflammation and stiffness of joints
  • Impaired movement
  • Redness and mild rashes on skin
  • Tiredness
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Joint deformity

What can I do to help myself if I have Arthritis?

  • Control your weight and stay active
  • Have a balanced and healthy diet
  • Use self help devices to ease pain and stress of joints
  • Practice exercise of joints
  • Protect your joints by not putting too much strain
  • Consult a doctor

Can the pain of arthritis come and go?

Acute and sharp pain of arthritis commonly stays for lifetime when lasts for six to eight months or becomes chronic. Pain can remain constant or might come and go depending upon the form of arthritis and it varies person to person.

What are the worst foods for arthritis?

  • Processed and canned food products
  • Red meat
  • Refined white flour
  • Excessive sugar and salt
  • Omega-6 fatty acids
  • High fat dairy products

What is the best ayurvedic treatment for Arthritis pain?

Ayurvedic treatment aims at strengthening alimentary canal and metabolic rate to reduce aggravation of vata, major cause of arthritis according to ayurveda, which may occur due to lack of sleep, trauma, taking drugs, stress, anxiety, excessive travelling, irregular meals, excessive movement and hormonal imbalance.

Herbal and natural treatment also helps to prevent the disorder from getting worse with their anti-inflammatory properties and without any side effects.

Sanjivani Ayurvedashram offers safe and effective Ayurvedic treatment for Arthritis alternatives worldwide. The key constituent of the herbal medication are fenugreek, turmeric, boswellia, ashwagandha, ginger, triphala, guggulu, and shatavari which are known to decrease production of inflammatory chemicals in the body resulting into reduced inflammation of joints, promotes flexibility, strengthens bones and muscles, improves immunity, administers stimulation of fluid, reduces arthritis pain and promotes healing power.

A hot oil massage, meditation, yoga, sound sleep and balanced diet rich in vitamin C, D, E and calcium are highly recommended.

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